Chiari Malformation, Syringomyelia, Tethered Spinal Cord, and Cerebrospinal Spinal Fluid (CSF) Leaks and Related Disorders

Image: MRI scan showing large syrinx (cyst) in the upper spinal cord and caused by the descent of the
cerebellar tonsils

Image: Images and publication that was written by Dr Johnson and his colleagues at UCLA about treatment of spinal cord injury and syrinx formation with correcting the spinal deformity
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These complex disorders are unusual and varied set of neurological and neurosurgical problems usually related to cerebrospinal spinal fluid flow disorders causing a variety of neurological symptoms including headaches, visual disturbance, extremity pain, weakness. They can be a result of congenital abnormalities or acquired from injuries, infections, and prior surgery.

Batzdorf U, Klekamp J, Johnson JP: A critical appraisal of syrinx cavity shunting procedures. Journal of Neurosurgery 89(3):382-388, September 1998.

Holly LT, Johnson JP, Masciopinto JE,
Batzdorf U: Treatment of posttraumatic
syringomyelia with extradural decompressive
surgery. Neurosurg Focus 8(3): Article 8,
1-6, March 2000.